The are some wellknown algorithms to construct magic squares of odd order, when the order n is not a multiple of 3.

You will find more methods to create magic squares of odd order in section pandiagonal squares.

Method | |
---|---|

Margossian (Method 1) | |

Margossian (Method 2) | |

Lehmer (Uniform step) | |

Poignard | |

Sauveur (Method of indexing) |