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I have changed my presentation of algorithms to construct magic squares, because it's really hard to show all aspects as HTML pages. So I will publish all algorithms as PDF book. But it's absolutely clear that all existing pages, especially all interactive pages, remain.


This translation surely has many spelling, grammar and style errors because I am not a professional translator. But it is always understandable and definitely better than any computer translation. So, I decided to publish it.

Title Version Date Download
Magic Squares    (1382 pages) 2.12 05. Mar 2022 Download Magic Squares
Bimagic Squares    (chapter 11) Download MS-chapter 11
Bibliography 2.1 26. Dec 2021 Download MS-bibliography


Note:  In addition, a new book about construction methods of magic rectangles is available.

Last update:   Tu 08. Nov 2022